Description 1.?Hammett,?The?Maltese?Falcon 2.?Chandler,?The?Big?Sleep 3.?Chandler,?The?Long?Goodbye 4.?Parks,?Shaft.?(movie) 5.?Polanski,?Chinatown?(movie) In?Hammett,?Chandler,?Parks??Shaf,?and?Polanski?s?Chinatown,?among?many?others,??cracking?wise??generally appears?as?a?form?of?masculine?dominance;?there?s?almost?always?the?sense?the?wisecracker?is?hoping?to?pick?a fight?with?the?person?he?s?insulting.?Gould?s?Chandler?and?Bridges??Lebowski?are?vastly?less?aggressive characters,?yet?they?also?display?a?tendency?to?crack?wise.?What?is?the?function?of?wisecracking?in?terms?of gender?politics,?of?masculinity,?of?the?revelation?of?a?character?s?(and?hence,?perhaps,?the?film?s)?worldview?in these?later?portrayals??What?is?the?benefit?to?the?later?directors?of?keeping?this?aspect?of?the?hardboiled?detective when?they?abandon?so?many?others??Your?argument?will?almost?certainly?stand?or?fall?on?the?strength?of?your close?readings?of?particular?wisecracks.